Design




The person designing is called a designer, which is also a term usedfor people who work professionally in one of the various design areas,usually also specifying which area is being dealt with (such as afashion designer, concept designer or web designer). Design is used both as a noun and a verb. The term is often tied to the various applied arts and engineering. As a verb, "to design" refers to the process of originating and developing a plan for a product, structure, system, or component with intention. As a noun, "a design" is used for either the final (solution) plan (e.g. proposal, drawing, model, description) or the result of implementing that plan in the form of the final product of a design process.

This classification aside, in its broadest sense no other limitations exist and the final product can be anything from socks and jewellery to graphical user interfaces and charts. Even virtual concepts such as corporate identity and cultural traditions such as celebration of certain holidays are sometimes designed. More recently, processes (in general) have also been treated as products of design, giving new meaning to the term "process design".



Designingoften requires a designer to consider the aesthetic, functional, and many other aspects of an object or a process, which usually requires considerable research, thought, modeling, interactive adjustment, and re-design. Being defined so broadly, there is no universal language or unifying institution for designers of all disciplines. This allows for many differing philosophies and approaches toward the subject. However, serious study of design demands increased focus on the design process

Design as a process can take many forms depending on the object being designed and the individual or individuals participating. Something that is redesigned requires a different process than something that is designed for the first time. A redesign often includes an evaluation of the existent design and the findings of the redesign needs are often the ones that drive the redesign process.



A design process may include a series of steps followed by designers. Depending on the product or service, some of these stages may be irrelevant, ignored in real-world situations in order to save time, reduce cost, or because they may be redundant in the situation.

Typical stages of the design process include:
* Pre-production design
   o Design brief or Parti- an early often the beginning statement of design goals
   o Analysis - analysis of current design goals
   o Research - investigating similar design solutions in the field or related topics
   o Specification - specifying requirements of a design solution for a product (product design specification[6]) or service.
    o Problem solving - conceptualizing and documenting design solutions
    o Presentation - presenting design solutions
* Design during production
    o Development - continuation and improvement of a designed solution
    o Testing - in-situ testing a designed solution
* Post-production design feedback for future designs
    o Implementation - introducing the designed solution into the environment
    o Evaluation and conclusion - summary of process and results, including constructive criticism and suggestions for future improvements
* Redesign - any or all stages in the design process repeated (with corrections made) at any time before, during, or after production.